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Umpire Certification

What you need to know for certification to umpire high school baseball. Passing score of 80 percent is required; open book test; T/F questions.

Test for competency (questions similar  to NFHS Baseball Rules Book):

Live ball

1.    The ball is dead when batter-gets a base on balls.

2.    The ball is dead when it hits the batter.

3.    The ball stays alive when it hits the fair ball portion of home plate.

4.    Umpire can signal dead ball by saying “Time.”

A catch

5.    Catches a ball, runs into a wall after running a few feet, drops the ball.

6.    Uses his cap to make the catch.

7.    Must have both feet in fair territory.

8.    Has ball fall out of his glove, hits the umpire, but then makes the catch is not a catch.

A foul ball is called when


9.    B’s hit first lands in fair territory but rolls foul.

10.  Hits edge of 1B and falls into foul territory.

11.  Fielder in foul territory has the ball glance off his glove to fair territory.

12. A batted ball touches a bat that is lying in foul ground.

An infield fly is called when


13. Only 1B must be occupied for IFF to be declared.

14. IFF can be fair batted ball or attempted bunt, but not a line drive.     

15.  With two outs, the plate umpire signals his partner that the IFF is in effect.

16.  Bases loaded is the only time there can be an infield fly.


A pitch

17.  The pitcher balks yet is still considered a pitch

18.  End of pitch is when the catcher makes the catch or comes to a complete stop. 

19.  When the pitcher delivers, this is considered the time of the pitch.

20.  When coming set, the pitcher must have the ball in either hand.


21.  According to the OBR (Official Baseball Rules), a runner must slide.         

22.  If a runner slides when there’s not a force out, he must slide near the base.

23.  A runner can slide head first.      

24.  When there’s a force, the runner must slide in a direct line between the two bases.


25. Colored glove even if not distracting to the batter.

26. Pitcher can wear a bandage on his pitching hand.

27. Exposed white undershirt sleeve.

28. A bright red headband.


Leaving the batter’s box

29.  Can legally step out of the batter’s box when “time” is requested by either team.

30.  Dead ball if batter leaves the batter’s box if pitcher has stepped on the rubber.

31.  Must keep at least one foot in the batter’s box when up to bat.

32.  Does not have to get out of the way with a play at the plate.


Batter is out when

33.  A broken bat hit the fielder.

34.  Comes to bat out of order.

35. On strike three, 1B is occupied.

36.  Attempts to bunt on strike three.


Touching or returning to a base

37. Returns in reverse order.

38. If didn’t touch a base, maybe be called out on an appeal by the defense.

39. A dead ball appeal can be made by the coach of the runner missing a base.

40. Multiple appeals are not permitted.


Two umpire rotation


41. Umpires can signal count and number of out information only when an out is made.

42. Field umpire is in charge of the first play in the infield; the plate umpire acts as backup.

43. Field umpires works inside the V with runners on.

44. Plate umpire is in charge of every ball hit down the line.


Coach conduct

45.  3B coach is allowed to assist the runner trying to score.

46. Any coach can leave the dugout to check on a player injured or ill.

47. Umpire can eject coach for unsportsmanlike conduct after a warning.

48. Coach, if not too loud, can use a bullhorn to inform his players during the game.


Player conduct

49. Can argue the strike call without penalty.

50. Base Umpire can forfeit the game if player does not follow direction of plate umpire (31).

51. Players can sit outside on the bucket if ok with the coaches.

52. If player throws a bat, he is first given a warning. F, is ejected.


53. Score the run if the runner steals home before the batter-runner is thrown out at 1B.

54.  One run will score if, with two outs and runners on second and third, the batter hits a home run, but the defense successfully appeals the runner form second missing 3B F (no runs score.

55. With bases loaded and no outs, the runner at 1B is charged with interference, the home plate umpire will count his run.

56. With runners at 2nd and 3rd and one out, the batter hits a fly ball to center that is caught. The runner at 3rd leaves early and both runners touch home on a bad throw from the infield. The defense successfully appeals the runner leaving early at third. Neither run will count.


57. The base umpire has the same jurisdiction with the umpire-in-chief in calling time, balks, infield fly or ejecting any coach or player.   

58. Umpires shall only wear heather gray slacks.

59. Umpires shall not use tobacco or tobacco-like products on or in the vicinity of the field.

60. With his partner having left the field at the end of the game, the umpire-in-chief may correct a scorekeeping error when one team correctly informs him of the mistake.


A Ball Becomes Dead Immediately when:


61. The batter enters the batter’s box with an illegal bat.

62. A batted foul ball contacts a small rock and is deflected toward fair ground.

63.  Anyone who is required to wear a batting helmet deliberately removes his helmet while the ball is in live-ball territory and the ball is live.

64. The plate umpire interferes with the catcher who is attempting to throw.



65. If a pitcher is ambidextrous, he may face a given batter either a left-handed pitcher or a right-handed pitcher, but not both.

66. The pitching regulations begin when the pitcher first arrives on the pitching mound.

67. With his feet in the wind-up position, the pitcher may deliver a pitch or attempt a pick-off at an occupied base.

68. From the set position, a pitcher wishing to change to the wind-up position must first step clearly backward off the pitcher’s plate with his pivot foot first.

Touching or Returning to a Base

69. Even with ball being dead because of an uncaught foul, a returning runner shall retouch all bases in reverse order.

70. A runner who misses a base while advancing may not return to touch the base after a following runner has scored.

71. A runner must touch his base after a foul tip is caught.

72. For failing to touch a base while returning, the runner may be called out if the defense makes a legal appeal.

Dropped 3rd Strike

73. With a called third strike, the batter is always out.

74. If the ball gets by the catcher, the batter is still out.

75. If the batter heads for the dugout, he has given up the attempt to reach first base.

76. On a check swing on strike three, the base umpire can call the batter out.

A Charged Conference

77. If time is called and the catcher goes to the mound to meet with the pitcher, the team will be charged with a defensive charged conference.

78. A defensive charged conference is concluded when the coach turns to walk away from his players.

79. An offensive charged conference is concluded when the coach initially starts to return to the coach’s box or dugout.

80. Time granted for an obviously incapacitated player shall not constitute a charged conference.

Two-umpire rotation

81. With runner(s) on, the plate umpire is responsible for balls hit inside the V.

82. With a fair fly ball hit to right center field, it is the base umpire’s duty to watch the ball and the runner.

83. With a fair fly ball hit to left center field, it is the plate umpire’s duty to watch the runner.

84. With a runner at 3B, the home plate umpire checks on 3B, letting the field umpire watch the plate.


85. With two outs and a runner at 2B, the time-delay signal is used.

86. With runners at 1st and 3rd or 2nd, and 3rd, less than one out, the IFF is in effect.

87. The field umpire should signal the count and number of outs when there is a change of batters.

88. In a run-down between 1st and 2nd, the plate umpire stays at home in case the runner advance.


89. After profanity from the batter, the umpire must issue a warning.

90. If fans are unruly, the umpire should talk to the coaches between innings.

91. If a coach uses intimidating language, he should be given a warning.

92. The player deliberately throws a bat after striking out.

Batting infractions

93. Delays the game by not coming up to bat within 20 seconds. T.

94. Interferes with the catcher’s throw by leaning over home plate.

95. Doesn’t try to get out of the way of the pitch.

96. Does not make a reasonable attempt to get out of the way when there’s a play at the plate.


                                            97. Umpires must wear heather gray slacks.
                                            98. Umpires cannot use tobacco or tobacco-like   products on or in the vicinity of the playing field.
                                            99. If his or her partner has left the field at game's end, the umpire-in-chief may correct  a scorekeeping error when one team correctly shows him the mistake.
                                          100. The base umpire has the same jurisdiction as the umpire-in-chief for calling time, balks, infield, fly, or in ejecting any coach or player.

Answers for competency


Live ball

1.       F

2.       T

3.       T

4.       T

A catch

5.       T

6.       T

7.       F

8.       T

A foul ball is called when

9.    F

10. T

11. T

12. T


An infield fly is called when

13. F

14. F

15. F

16. F


A pitch

17. F

18. T

19. T

20. T


21. F

22. T

23. T

24. T


25. T (43)

26. F

27. T

28. T

Leaving the batter’s box

29. T (47)

30. F

31. T

32. F

Batter is out when

33. F (47)

34. T

35. T

36. T

Touching or returning to a base

37. F (48)

38. T

39. T

40. F

Two umpire rotation

41. F

42. T

43. T

44. T


Coach conduct


45. F (30)

46. T

47. T

48. F


Player conduct

49. F (31)

50. F

51. F

52. F



53. T (58)

54. F

55. F

56. T



57. T

58. F

59. T

60. F

A Ball Becomes Dead Immediately when

61. T

62. F

63. F

64. F



65. T

66. F

67. F

68. T


Touching or Returning to a Base


70. F

71. T

72. T

Dropped 3rd Strike

73. F

74. F

75. T

76. T


A Charged Conference

77. F (33)

78. F

79. T

80. T

Two-umpire rotation

81. F

82. F

83. F

84. F


85. T

86. F

87. F

88. F


89. F

90. T

91. F

92. T

Batting infractions

93. T (46)

94. T

95. T

96. T


97. F

98. T

99. F

100. T

 Suggested rule statues for study

1. 5-1-1c
2. 5-1-2f
3. 5-1-1h
4. 5-1-1a
5. 4-1-1
6. 4-1-1 Note
7. 4-1-3
8. 4-1-5
9. 7-1-2a
10. 7-1-2a Note
11. 7-1-2e
12. 7-1-2e
13. 8-3-1a
14. 8-3-3d
15. 8-3-3d
16. 8-3-1a
17. 2-36-2, 3-1-1
18. 3-1-1
19. 3-1-1
20. 2-36-3b
21. 2-4-2
22. 2-4-3
23. 2-4-3
24. 2-4-3
25. 1-5-3
26. 1-5-5
27. 1-5-4
28.  1-5-5
29. 2-10-2
30. 2-10-2
31. 2-10-2
32. 2-10-2, 4-1-3a
33. 3-1-6
34. 3-1-6
35. 3-1-6
36. 3-1-6
37. 2-19-1
38. 2-19-1
39. 2-19-1
40. 2-19-1
41. 8-4-1a
42. 7-4-ab, 8-4-1j
43. 8-4-1i
44. 7-4-1b
45. 2-21-2
46. 2-21-2
47. 2-21-2
48. 2-21-2
49. 2-22-1
50. 2-22-21
51.  2-22-2

52. 8-3-2
53. 8-2-3
54. 8-2-4
55. 8-2-7
56. 8-2-8
57. 7-4-1d
58. 7-4-1i
59. 7-4-1f
60. 7-4-13
61. 2-29-3
62. 2-29-3
63. 2-29-6
64. 2-29-3
65. 3-4-1
66. 2-10-1
67. 3-4-5
68. 3-4-3
69. 3-3-1i
70. 3-3-1-g-5
71. 3-3-1p
72. 3-3-2
73. 1-5-7
74. 10-2-2
75. 10-1-5
76. 10-2-3j
77. 1-3-2, 1-3-5
78. 1-3-6
79. 1-3-3
80. 1-3-4
81. 6-1-4
82. 6-1-4
83. 2-28-2
84. 2-28-2
85. 1-4-1
86. 1-4-3
87. 1-4-4
88. 1-4-2
89. 6-2-2c exception
90. 6-2-2c exception
91. 6-2-2c exception
92. 6-2-2c exception
93. 8-3-3e
94. 8-3-3d
95. 8-3-2
96. 8-4
97. Rule 10
98. Rule 10
99. Rule 10
100. Rule 10

















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15% of proceeds from the book go to the Boys and Girls Club and the MLB Community's RBI (Reviving Baseball in the Inner City) program.

Content copyright 2009. All rights reserved.
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